Chandrayaan 3 and India’s Quest to Search Life Beyond Planet Earth

India has finally taken its victory walk on the moon through Pragyan Rover under the ISRO’s Chandrayaan-3 mission. On 23 August 2023, the world witnessed India’s glorious space power when Chandrayaan 3 Vikram lander safely landed on the unexplored south pole of the moon and changed the old saying ‘ Chanda Mama Door Ke’.

This unmatched success has made India the frontrunner in future space missions alongside Russia (then USSR), the USA, and China. It will be going to bring a new change in identifying the possibilities of life on the moon and bring future successes for humanity at large.

Chandrayaan 3 has three broad objectives to find life on the southern pole of the moon to which the safe soft landing was the first phase and was achieved successfully with the rolling out of Rover on the moon surface. The rover will now be conducting in-situ scientific experiments in 1 lunar day (14 days on Earth) that include near-surface plasma density, associated changes, thermal properties in nearby regions, structure of lunar crust and mantle, seismicity measurement to understand the unknown dynamics of Moon System.

This will promise new qualitative as well as quantitative data analysis that can further help scientists investigate probable scenarios for the existence of life on the moon. India’s discovery is big in terms of historical, scientific, and geological reasons as this will study in detail India’s further discovery of Water at the southern pole. It will bring new power to future space missions as it may work as a source of fuel for rockets and spacecraft sent on space exploration for future missions.

The Chandrayaan 3 with a cost of US$ 75 million, is exploring the prerequisites of life (oxygen, fuel, water) on the unexplored southern pole of the moon to find possibilities of space travel and a permanent habitat for mankind. The Chandrayaan 3 success will now give a major boost to the future missions of ISRO such as Aditya L1 to study the Sun i.e. about 1.5 million km away from Earth and Chandrayaan 4 (jointly with Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)to fulfill India’s continuously increasing space quest to find answers of unexplored facts.